Research shows that students who learn to use these mental math strategies actually memorize the multiplication and division facts faster than those who do not.

These 9 flip books were designed to give students an interactive fun way to practice mental math strategies for multiplication facts. They make differentiating your instruction easy because there is a flip book for each set of multiplication facts: 2's - 10's.

They are effective for students who are just beginning their journey with multiplication in third grade...and those students in fourth and fifth that still are on that journey... to make the recall of the facts

**automatic.**

These interactive flip books illustrate and provide practice with five basic multiplication strategies:

- EQUAL GROUPS
- ARRAYS
- REPEATED ADDITION
- SKIP-COUNTING
- RELATED FACTS

This is the perfect strategy to use to introduce multiplication because it is concrete and very visual. I suggest providing multiple opportunities for your students to use manipulative to make equal groups.

This is another important strategy to use when introducing multiplication because is also concrete and very visual. Additionally, it is an effective way to introduce the Commutative Property {2x4 = 4x2} to your students. Just by flipping the array 90* students can see that the total number of objects did not change.

This strategy starts to move away from the concrete (objects) to the more abstract use of numbers to illustrated multiplication.

Skip counting is not only a great multiplication strategy - it lays an important foundation in understanding multiples - which will be very useful when students get into fractions.

I love teaching this strategy because it helps the students understand the connection between multiplication and division as inverse operations. It also reinforces the commutative property in multiplication and division.

I chose to use the triangle flash cards model here because it is an extremely effective way to reinforce this concept, while making the learning of the division facts so much easier!

Games are a fun, engaging, and effective way to give your students lots of practice with the math facts covered in each flip book! This is an important step in helping your students to become automatic in their recall of the math facts. This game on the back may be used during and after the flip book is completed.

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Thanks for the great ideas! It's always such a challenge to get kids to understand the abstract nature of math. But your strategies and flip books help kids a lot to make the connections with the use of concrete pictures and symbols. I will certainly explore more of your units in the near future, especially since the start of school is just around the corner. Keep up the good work!!

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